The first Charity Shield match was played in 1908, it succeeded the Sheriff of London Charity Shield, which was first played in 1898, a Shield which Liverpool won once. Charity Shield games were played on the Cup holders’ home ground until 1974 when it was moved to a neutral venue, to be more exact Wembley and then the Millennium Stadium. Liverpool beat Leeds 5-4 on penalties after a 1-1 draw in the first Wembley final. From 1977-1993, if the game finished in a draw, both teams would share the Shield for six months each. It is now decided by a penalty shoot-out.
Teams could deny playing in the Shield. In 1971/72, Liverpool replaced champs Arsenal, but Liverpool waivered their right to play in the Shield in the 1973/74 season.
Charity Shield was renamed Community Shield in the 2002/2003 season.
The European Cup was founded in 1956 for League champions of European countries. The European Cup was changed to the Champions League in 1997, allowing other teams than the current champions to enter.
The European Fairs Cup was founded in 1958, the final played over two legs. It was renamed as the UEFA Cup in 1972. A single leg final was introduced in 1998, but the competition changed more dramatically in 2000 when teams were allowed to enter if they didn’t make it into the second phase of the Champions league.
The European Cup Winners’ Cup was introduced in 1961. The name says it all really, only cup winners were allowed or the runners up if the cup winners were also champions. The competition was abandoned in 1999, merged into the UEFA Cup set-up.
The European Super Cup was originally played in 1972 between the winners of the European Cup/Champions League and the conquerors of the European Cup Winners’ Cup. Since 2000, the UEFA Cup winners are opponents to the winners of the Champions League.
2 substitutes were allowed in the cups 1986/87, in the league from 1987/88 and in European competitions in the 1967/68 season (rising to 3 in Europe the following season). A goalkeeper became a firm fixture on the bench in the league in 1992/93, a year later the cups followed suit. Before 1992, if a goalkeeper got injured, a replacement keeper was permitted.
Since 1994/95 five subs have been allowed in league games. 5 were allowed in European games since the 1969/70 season, the number rising to 7 in the 1997/98 season. The cup competitions only allowed 3 in 1994/95, but raised the number to 5 in 1998/1999.
Information about players, who made the bench, but did not make an appearance is available from 1975/76.
The exact time a substitution was made is available in this database from the 1987/88 season onwards.