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There was an Englishman, an Irishman and a Scotsman… - Part I

The contribution of non-English players to the history of LFC



Notes:

This article distinguishes between the performances of players who were born in England and those who were not. The latter may be described as ‘overseas’, ‘foreign’, ‘foreign-born’, etc., and include the other nations within the British Isles as well as those normally regarded as ‘overseas’. This distinction is, admittedly, not without its problems, as it could identify, e.g., Mark Lawrenson as English (though he played for Ireland) and John Barnes and Raheem Sterling as foreign (though they play(ed) for England).

Until the Second World War, which ended rather inconveniently for this purpose, the sections correspond roughly to whole decades but are more closely aligned to changes of manager thereafter.

There is the frequent use of the term ‘squad’. This is defined, for the purpose of this article, as a seasonal list of players who have been selected for a first XI team, including those unused on the bench, during that particular season.

Liverpool is, arguably, the second most international city in England, and it is no surprise that LFC has attracted a substantial number of foreign players. Before the American Hugh Lester joined 1911, they had all come from Ireland, Wales or Scotland whence even the great teams of the late twentieth century have recruited. Heighway, Rush, and Dalglish spring to mind. Scottish players have played a major part in our history, not least down to the present day, and we have never won a league title without at least one in the squad. On the other hand, we have never been relegated without a Scot, either. The club had existed for over a century before we had a whole season devoid of a player born in Scotland.

Liverpool FC’s founder, John Houlding, used agents like Liverpool-based J.P. Campbell who had been instrumental for him while he was President of Everton, to recruit three-quarters of his Liverpool squad from Scotland. There was no need for Houlding to tour Scotland with blank contracts in hand and besides he could have used to his advantage the new-fangled telephone system which was, by then, some twelve years old. Apart from any hired agents, Houlding’s representatives who were sent to the south-west of Scotland from which the great majority of our Scottish players have originated were two of his most faithful servants: Irishman John McKenna, board member of Liverpool FC, later Secretary and Chairman and William Edward Barclay the club’s first Secretary (effectively the manager) and former Vice-chairman of Everton. What inducements could be offered to tempt experienced players, including one or two Scottish internationals, to join Liverpool FC which wasn’t even in either division of the English league?

John Houlding

The identity of one of these imports who played for LFC during the 1892/93 season does suggest that the modern practice of ‘cherry-picking’ was playing a part, without the disadvantage of having to buy the company in trouble! That was how Billy McOwen had been picked up from bottom-of-the-league Darwen. Our first goalkeeper, Sydney Ross, was signed from Cambuslang, near Glasgow, which had finished near the bottom of the Scottish league in 1891/92 and did not even apply for re-election. However, there were many others who had no such difficult employers – John McCartney from St Mirren, Joe McQue from Celtic, Hugh and Matt McQueen from Leith, Andrew Kelvin from Kilmarnock, Malcolm McVean from Third Lanark, and John Miller from Dumbarton. A few, indeed, had already left Scotland -- Jock Smith, our first-ever competitive scorer, was bought from Sunderland, and Duncan McLean and Tom Wylie were well known to our recruiters, as they already played for Everton, as had Andrew Hannah, a Scottish international who had been at Renton.

If one Scottish club had to be singled out to exemplify the source of the new Liverpool team, it would be Renton FC, with which five of the fifteen newcomers had a connection. The club also provides the major reason why I believe, Houlding had little difficulty in recruiting so many Scots for his first squad – indeed, it would not have been surprising if the requests had come from the Scottish players themselves, eager to move south. In England in 1885, under threat of the northern clubs spearheading a split (in a tiny precursor to the Premiership in the early 1990s; in rugby, of course, the split actually occurred), the British (i.e. English) FA accepted the principle of professionalism in Association Football. The Scottish FA refused to follow suit and unsuccessfully tried to impose restrictions to prevent a consequent southerly diaspora. In 1889, the newly formed Sheffield United advertised for players in Scottish newspapers. By the late 1880s, Preston could field a team containing ten Scottish players!

Renton was one of the best clubs in Scotland at that time, but at the start of the 1890/91 season, they were suspended for playing against an Edinburgh team which contained professionals. In consequence, the issue became a cause celebre and although Renton successfully sued the SFA on the suspension, they continued to lose players until professionalism was allowed in Scotland for the 1893/94 season. Hoist with its own petard, however, Renton could not compete with clubs which paid higher salaries and was bankrupt by 1897.

The average length of stay for those who joined the new venture in the 1892/93 season was a little over two and a half years. About half stayed for only one season, including three who returned to their former clubs in Scotland. At least two moved to other clubs in England, but others (John McCartney, Joe McQue, Malcolm McVean, and Matt McQueen) became mainstay members of LFC. None survived the decade, but by that time some thirty-five other Scots had joined the club. Manager Tom Watson continued his policy of recruitment north of the border with which he had been so successful at Sunderland. Nevertheless, their number fell to only half in 1899-1901. About one third moved to another club after a single season with Liverpool, with most staying for two to five years, and a few gems (Billy Dunlop, Bill Goldie, and especially Alex Raisbeck who had eleven years at the club) staying with LFC much longer.

Meanwhile, we had recruited two players who had been born in Ireland (David Hannah, who had played for Renton, and Willie Donnelly). Wales did, or did not, produce an international defender who joined Liverpool in 1900. Maurice Pryce Parry was born in Oswestry, Shropshire, to English-born parents in 1877, but he was a Welsh international. The easiest way to measure the comparative effectiveness of foreign players must surely be through our old friends, ‘goals for’ and ‘goals against’. Obviously, allowance has to be made for the skill of the other players, as well as the referee and linesmen, but the positions on the field one can easily evaluate are the forwards, the ‘5’ in the old 2-3-5 system and those paid to stop them, the goalkeepers. I would be very interested to hear of ways to assess performances of the 2s and 3s before OPTA in the 1990s. Analysis of performance by nationality is rather more complicated for the strikers than the keepers, as it involves identifying those who played but did not score, as well as the goal scorers, but a fairly clear pattern emerges nevertheless.

Taking the period 1892 to 1900/01 as a whole, foreign players (almost all Scottish) scored 325 goals in 874 games, an average per game of 0.372. The English-born forwards scored 144 goals in 326 games, an average of 0.442 per game. Those figures show a degree of consistency during the decade. In the inaugural season 1892/93, all strikers were Scottish anyway, and in the aberrant season 1898/99 English players were represented on the pitch by only one forward (Fred Geary) in one game – and he did not score. Normally, however, from 1893/94 onwards English-born forwards scored fewer goals than the Scots, but did so more economically in terms of time spent on the pitch.

Liverpool's 1892/93 squad

A basic analysis of goalkeeping results is the number of games played and the number of goals conceded – only the better goalkeepers can match the two figures, the best making the first larger than the second. What follows is based on the number of goals scored against, and the number of clean sheets. Billy McOwen takes the accolade using the first method. When judged by the second method, the best of the Scottish keepers was Sydney Ross (called ‘MacRoss’ by the fans) with only 18 scored against him until a bad leg injury on March 11, 1893, and twelve clean sheets; but, of course, his single year with LFC was our first, in the Lancashire League, where you might expect a keeper from Scotland (or even Harry Redknapp’s metaphorical grandmother) to do well. For the rest of the decade, we could rely on Matt McQueen who ‘allowed’ 58 goal attempts to beat him in forty-four games, keeping all out in 13 of them. By coincidence, the most effective of the English goalkeepers also left us early, Billy McOwen who let in only 22 goals in 27 games, including 11 clean sheets, in LFC’s first two seasons.

Though the occasional Scot and even an Irishman was found between the posts, the remainder of the 1890s was dominated by two English goalkeepers - first Harry Storer (who also played first class cricket for Derbyshire), then Bill Perkins, the former completely monopolizing the 1897/98 season, the latter 1900/01 (with no backup in the squad!) Storer kept no fewer than 45 clean sheets for LFC but, for me, Perkins edges any contest between them by letting in only 37 goals in 36 matches, in 15 of which he kept a clean sheet in our League-winning year 1901. None of the Scottish players came anywhere near that quality of performance.
*
The census that is a head count of everyone in the country on a given day gives us a good idea where the players were living at the time, more often than not in close proximity to Anfield. This will enrich our understanding of the people behind the names in this article. The 1901 census which, fortunately for identification purposes, has ‘professional football player’ as a standard occupation, was taken on Sunday, 31 March. Eight (in bold) of the nine foreign players in the squad of 1900/01 have been found. They all lived within easy walking distance to the south-west of Anfield, and I notice that Peter Kyle, after his transfer to Leicester City, lived on Filbert Street.

William P. Dunlop (defender), his wife Jane, and children Alick and John, at 29 Arkles Rd. where (Thomas) John Hunter was a boarder
John Glover (defender) and his wife Annie, at 14 Cathedral Rd., Anfield
William Goldie (defender) and his wife Martha at 19 Tinsley St., Anfield
‘Rabbie’ Howell was at 3 Lillian Road, Anfield with his wife and son.
Andrew McGuigan (striker) had gone home to his widowed mother at 10 Arthur St., Penninghame, Wigtownshire.
Peter Kyle boarded at 153 Filbert St., Leicester after leaving LFC.
Maurice P. Parry (defender) was a boarder at 27 Arkles Rd.
William Henry Perkins (goalkeeper), single, lodged at 27 Salisbury Rd., Brickfield.
Samuel Raybould (striker) at 5 Lyon Rd., Anfield with his wife, two children and a ‘relative’.
Thomas (Tommy) Robertson (right-winger) was a boarder at 93 Wye St.
General Stevenson with wife and son at 30 Stone Moor Bottom, Hapton, after leaving LFC.
John Walker (striker) and Thomas (Tom) Robertson (defender) were boarders at 108 Herschel St., in the home of James Chapman, his wife Mary, and their five children. James Chapman was a ‘football trainer’ employed by LFC. He was another Scottish import, who had been recruited from Hearts in 1898, and to which he returned in 1903 before ending his career – and indeed his life – at Leeds FC.

It is particularly unfortunate not to find the captain Alex Raisbeck (whom the 1901 indexes have not picked up anywhere in England or Wales.) He had missed the Newcastle game the previous day to when the census was taken, representing Scotland against England at Crystal Palace. In 1909 he was at 16 Elsie Rd., Anfield.
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In the first decade of the twentieth century, the number of foreign players continued to decline as we were able to find satisfactory replacements from England. Four Welsh players were recruited (Richard Morris, John Hughes, George Latham and Ernest Peake), giving LFC an average of four years’ service, but the nineteen Scots included long-serving gems such as Robert Crawford (8 years) and especially Donald MacKinlay (1909 to 1928) who became club captain. However, at no time from 1901/02 until 1910/11 did the squad have more than six who had been born outside England, and during 1906/07 to 1908/09 we recruited only one foreigner per year. From 1892 until 1911, in consequence, the foreign contingent fell from three quarters to less than one third.

Donald MacKinlay was a force of nature on the left

Did the quality, as well as the number, of the non-English-born players also decline? The same methodology used for 1892/93 to 1900/01 reveals an even more striking change during the decade which started with the 1902/03 season. In some seasons, we had very few forwards who were not born in England – the six in the squad during 1901/02 fell to three a year later, then to one (Welshman Richard Morris) for two years, and finally none in 1905/06. Though their numbers rose again to three in 1910/1911, the foreign forwards scored fewer goals (100 in 378 matches, or 0.265) than the English (382 in 888 matches, 0.430). The apparently deliberate policy of recruiting more English-born players had nothing to do with an anti-Scottish sentiment on the part of the manager, who Tom Watson had been since 1896/97. English forwards were scoring, on average, almost twice as many goals as the Scots in the squad.

Meanwhile, the base of the defence was also changing. The policy of having only two goalkeepers (very occasionally only one) in the squad remained, with the Scot Ned Doig playing four seasons (1904/05 to 1907/08) as the sole player between the sticks. He monopolized that position first year, keeping sixteen clean sheets in thirty-six games, but he was replaced by an Englishman, Sam Hardy, whose performance kept Doig limited to only seventeen appearances in the next three years. This change seems harsh on Doig, who let in only eight goals in the last thirteen games of the 1904/05 season, but it was probably necessary because of his age and ill-health. ‘Doig was suffering from rheumatism and he only played in nine more first division games in the next two seasons. His last game on 11 April 1908 at the age of 41 years, 165 days is still a record for the club. During this decade, there were only two Scottish (to five English) goalkeepers in the squad. The ‘goals against’ ratio remained very similar, but the Scottish keepers had a markedly superior clean sheet record.

The index to the 1911 census (taken on Sunday, 2 April) fails to reveal the location of only one of these foreign players - John Macdonald. While most remained close to their footballing home, one or two lived quite a distance away from the ground. Foreign players are again in bold.

Augustus Richard Beeby (goalkeeper) lodged with another man from Ashbourne at 303, Smithdown Lane.
Samuel Bowyer (striker) lived at 14 Bagnall St., Anfield with his wife and two children.
James Bradley (defender) lived at 130 Dacy Rd., Anfield with his wife and four children.
Joseph Brough (striker) lived at 101 Hornsey Rd., Anfield with his wife and one child.
Robert S. Crawford (defender) lived at 19 Elderdale Rd., Anfield with his wife and two children.
Samuel Anderson Gilligan (striker) lived at 71 Hornsea Road, Anfield with his wife and two children.
Arthur Goddard (midfielder) was at 20 Brickfield Rd. North with his wife and widowed mother
Herbert James Leavey (striker) was an unmarried boarder at 2 Hornsey Rd., Anfield
Ephraim Longworth (defender) newly married, was at 53 Mansell st., Anfield
John McConnell and Donald MacKinlay (defenders) lodged at 140 Walton Breck Road, where the host was none other than former left-back William Dunlop, who had recently retired from LFC and was running a tobacconist and newsagents.
John (‘Jack’) Parkinson (striker) ‘professional footballer & newsagent & tobacconist’ was at 193, Breck Rd., Everton, with wife, children, mother-in-law and two relatives helping in the business.
Ernest Peake (defender), married but away from his wife on that Sunday evening, boarding at 13 Balmoral Road.
James Speakman (midfielder), one of ten children living with their widowed mother Ellen at 2 Elm St., Huyton. His elder brother Samuel was also a professional footballer.
James Mundell Stewart (striker) was married, living at 25 Elderdale Road, Anfield.
Harold Uren (midfielder) ‘produce broker & professional footballer’, married, one child, lived with parents at 36 Victoria Drive, West Kirby (from which he could travel by train into the city).
Alfred West (defender) already widowed at 29, boarded at 21 Finchley Rd., Anfield. *

No squad players were recruited during the First World War – rather the reverse. We lost players during the hostilities, some returning to Scotland, so our foreign players, numbering only six at the start of the 1918/19 season, were joined by two newcomers, Jock McNab and Welshman Billy Matthews. Hugh Lester (USA, 1911/13) was then the first and only LFC player not to have been born within the main recruiting focus, the British Isles – and even he had English parents who were living temporarily in Iowa. There would not be another American playing for LFC until 1996/97. By 1920/21, we had five Scottish, two Irish, and three Welsh players in the twenty-five-man squad.

Hugh Lester - First player born outside the British Isles

The overall figures for the league seasons 1911/12 to 1920/21 mask changes in the degree to which LFC relied on foreign players. Goalkeeping is very easily described – apart from the first of those seasons, in which the English Sam Hardy let in fifty-three goals while earning six clean sheets, all other keepers to the end of 1920/21 were foreign. Hardy was replaced during that season by the Scot, Ken Campbell, whose eight games included only 5 goals and three clean sheets.

Campbell eventually had to give way to legendary Irishman Elisha Scott who provided excellent service, with another Scot, Frank Mitchell, replacing the former for the 1920/21 season. Scott, becoming Liverpool’s longest serving player before Billy Liddell, was our mainstay keeper until the end of the 1920s, but still played on until he returned to Ireland in 1934. (We have to thank Everton for turning him down in 1912 – and they still wanted him in 1934!)

Meanwhile, what of the relative goalscoring strength of the foreign forwards compared with their English-born counterparts? From 1911 until the First World War, the Scots occupied six of the eight spots listed as ‘strikers’, scoring 71 goals to the English forwards’ 47 – but as before, the English were more efficient scorers given the time they had on the pitch, playing 91 games to the Scots’ 195. When the league programme recommenced in 1919/20, the foreign strikers scored an admirable 19 goals in 31 appearances (0.613) whereas the more numerous English-born strikers 83 in 215 appearances (0.386). This temporary Scottish success was largely down to the last season of Tom Miller, who was promptly snapped up by Manchester United, to be replaced by the English-born Chambers – Forshaw combination which carried us into the club's success in the early part of the decade.

[The 1921 census will probably be released at the end of 2021.]
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The 1920s saw the most dramatic swing in the history of Liverpool forwards for thirty years. In brief, the story is one of English-born triumph, English-born collapse, and foreign-born recovery. From seasons 1921/22 to 1925/26, the English forwards scored 266 goals in 800 appearances; our foreign forwards meanwhile scored only 16 in 38, with none at all in three of those five seasons. The English-born occupation of the forward line was almost complete. Furthermore, as one of the Englishmen was Fred Hopkin who enhanced his reputation for not scoring goals (4 in 161 appearances) but offering plenty of ‘assists’, this new balance of power was even more extraordinary.

Elisha Scott (far left) is arguably Liverpool's most legendary keeper. Gordon Hodgson (third from the right) was a goalscorer par excellence with 241 goals in 377 games.

It could not (well, did not) last. During those five very successful seasons, our reliance on two men, in particular, English Internationals Harry (‘Smiler’) Chambers (87 goals), and the tricky Dick Forshaw (94), is obvious. Did the club learn a valuable lesson concerning the advantages of a stable side? Probably not – the widely-condemned sale of Forshaw to Everton in 1927 was seen as merely enhancing the LFC coffers by the fans, by his wife, and I suspect by Dick Forshaw himself. At one point, the club was also willing to put Chambers on the transfer list during a dip in form, though a serious cycle accident and ensuing court case in 1927 meant that he could never regain his earlier goalscoring prowess.

The very success of the club in the first half of the 1920s resulted in relatively few new players from outside England – only in one year did we recruit more than two until 1927/28. We made up for that deficit with a bang, bringing in seven new faces (six of them from Scotland) a year later, though only one (Jimmy McDougall) stayed for more than a couple of years. The five new faces who arrived in 1929/30, especially Tom Bradshaw (nicknamed ‘Tiny’ because he wasn’t), were over twice as loyal. The 1920s turnaround was complete, as in that last season the foreign-born forwards scored 43 goals to the Englishmen’s eight.

The defensive rock that was Tiny Bradshaw

Taking the decade as a whole, the pre-war greater ‘efficiency’ of English forwards disappeared. Despite the league successes of the early 1920s, built on the dominance of Chambers and Forshaw, the Englishmen’s goals to games ratio declined whereas the foreign-born players were more efficient, scoring 188 goals in 416 appearances (0.451) to the English 333 goals in 1,149 appearances (0.290). Fred Hopkin’s contribution (one goal every 30 appearances during his long LFC career) did not help in that statistical regard, assisting the South African Gordon Hodgson as much as he did Chambers.

Defence, however, was very different – stability personified. The 1920s saw an astonishing run of goalkeepers which continued the imported excellence of the previous decade – suffice it to say that no English-born player appeared between the posts in the seasons 1921/22 to 1929/30, which were dominated by Elisha Scott until he was overtaken by the South African Arthur Riley (the latter should not be confused with LFC’s groundsman of the same name!) Scott was the only goalkeeper named in the squads of 1922/23 and 1923/24 (in contrast, seven keepers are named in the 2019/20 squad.) There were clean sheets in one-third of all competitive games played in 1921/22 to 1929/30, including Scott’s 23 in 46 games during the 1922/23 season.

[The 1931 census was destroyed during the Second World War.]
*
The nine foreign players inherited in 1930 from the squads of the 1920s were supplemented by twenty-two others before the start of the Second World War, fifteen of whom were born in Scotland. Half of the 1938/39 squad had not been born in England, including some names which will be very familiar to Liverpool fans. The popular Berry (‘Nivvy’) Nieuwenhuys, who remained in Liverpool after the outbreak of war, working as a drilling machinist in the shipyard, was one of seven South African players fielded by LFC in the 1930s; club captain Matt Busby, the only Liverpool player to whom a statue has been erected outside another Premiership ground; and Billy Liddell who, while not in the senior squad until after the war, had already joined in July 1938 on Busby’s recommendation.

The differential scoring rates of the two groups, when taken overall, were similar to those of the previous decade, with the English forwards scoring 160 goals in appearances (0.271), and those not born in England on 291 goals in 664 appearances (0.4389). There was a very significant change during the 1935/36 season, however. Until then, the foreign strikers had scored 252 goals to the Englishmen’s 38, with Gordon Hodgson, Jimmy Smith, Archie McPherson and Vic Wright dominating the forward line. Of these only, the first survived beyond the summer of 1935, with numerous English replacements leading to a much less settled team. The foreign goalscoring mantle was taken by the South African Berry Nieuwenhuys – he was LFC’s leading scorer in the 1938/39 season but he was not listed as a striker.

A few of Liverpool's South Africans

Throughout the 1930s, foreign players continued to dominate the position of goalkeeper. English born keepers managed only thirty-three appearances, and twenty-six of those was by a walking – or rather, in this case, standing – disaster, Alf Hobson, who let in an average of over two goals per match. The South Africans Arthur Riley and Dirk Kemp had to take over. Riley, with 250 appearances, was our mainstay after replacing Elisha Scott as number one during the 1933/34 season. Yet Riley’s goalkeeping record was not particularly good, averaging 1.8 goals conceded per game, where Scott’s had been 1.4.

Alf Hobson had a curious career. Born in Co. Durham, Hobson carried the Liver Bird on his sleeve. One goal went in, having trickled between his legs because his feet were stuck in the mud. Hardly to blame for the state of the pitch, he was sold to Chester in 1938, ‘guested’ for Liverpool, then bought back to produce some fine performances, keeping out the invading hordes during the war.)
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The first half-century of Liverpool FC’s existence has been seen to rely, to a considerable extent, on players imported from other countries, particularly from Scotland. Scottish footballers numbered 130 to Wales’ ten, Ireland’s eight, and South Africa’s six and one (technically) from the USA. None from the rest of the world, even including continental Europe. From 1892 to 1938/39 we had never been without at least one Scot in the squad, filling every position on the pitch. Eight Scots have been club captains including Alex Raisbeck, Donald MacKinlay and Matt Busby. Thirteen were in the first-league winning squad of 1900/01, four in 1905/06, and eight in the 1921/22 and 1922/23 squads. On the other hand, nineteen were in the relegation squad of 1894/95 and ten in 1903/04!

Then – war! All football players’ contracts were suspended by the FA. As requested, all the Liverpool players volunteered to enter the Territorial Army, and almost all were called up (save those in reserved occupations) and became the 9th King’s Territorial Regiment. By the end of the war, they numbered 76. Some became fitness instructors and were encouraged to play as ‘guest players’ for the nearest team close to wherever they happened to be stationed. Busby played for Aldershot, Chelsea, Reading, and Hibs, the last of which he also managed.

Two 1939 documents are available online which relate directly to the hostilities. In January, a list of these reserved occupations had been issued (Cmd. 5926) providing a basis for those who would not be called up should war break out; and the extraordinary National Register, a sort of census of almost 46 million people in England and Wales, taken on 29 September 1939, which details the basis on which ID and rationing cards were issued, and includes the nature of each person’s occupation as well as address and date of birth. (No census was taken on the date due – 1941.)

Finding our players in this source has proved very difficult, as those in the armed forces were listed separately and brought into the civilian system when they were demobilized after the war ended. Some players from before, during, and after the war have been found, including three foreigners (in bold).

37 Caroline St. - Kevin M. Baron was still at school.
112 Micklehurst Rd., Mossley - Ken Brierley was also still at school.
6 Mayfield Close - Leonard F. Carney was a Secondary School teacher living with a widowed grandmother (?)
268 Utting Ave. East. - Cyril C. Done, professional footballer, was living with his parents and grandmother.
111 High St. - Matthew Fitzsim(m)ons, professional footballer, lodged with John (a licensed victualler) and Bridget Fitzsimons, together with (their children?) Kathleen, Mary J., Bernard Joseph, Rose, Teresa and a child whose name has been blanked out (as usual). Kathleen and Rose were barmaids, but Teresa had the intriguing occupation of telecommunications tracer.
9 Miriam Rd - James Harley and (his wife) Robina A. Harley
45 George Lane, Bredbury - Fred Howe lived alone as a plumber before resuming his footballing career which had included the only quadruple against Everton.
70 Saxon St - William B. Liddell was described as a 17-year old accountant’s clerk, lodging with James McDonald, a builder’s labourer, and (his wife?) Christina.
73 Sunbury (?) Rd. - Berry Nieuwenhuys lodged with the Misses Margaret and Mary Hughes. Nivvy was a ship repairer’s drilling machinist on the reserved list of occupations.
46 Ship St., Frodsham - Fred Rogers, a painter on camouflage work (a reserved occupation), and his wife Ivy with three children. This was their family home.
6, Oakfield (near Walton Breck Road) - John Shafto, professional footballer, and (his wife?) Florence with a young child shared the premises with a Weston and a Suter family, but the relationship between the families is unclear. John Shafto was no. 3772547 in the 9th King’s Territorial Regiment.
84 Scarisbrick Rd. - Les Shannon was still at school.
30, Reid Ave., Wallsend - Albert Stubbins junior was a shipyard plater’s helper, another reserved occupation, living at home with his parents. His father also Albert, was an electric welder.

Written by Colin Rogers - Copyright LFChistory.net

The next chapter will commence with Liverpool's fate after the Second World War, seemingly well served with foreign players, leading to extraordinary results.

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